A re-post: This fascinating NYT article, “Technology’s Man Problem,” discusses the systemic discrimination faced by women who enter the tech sector.
“Women who enter fields dominated by men often feel this way. They love the work and want to fit in. But then something happens — a slight or a major offense — and they suddenly feel like outsiders. The question for newcomers to a field has always been when to play along and when to push back.
A male-dominated subculture, I’d argue, isn’t necessarily an urgent problem. (At least no more than a female-dominated one is; both such cultures could certainly benefit from a greater diversity of perspective.) But a misogynist-dominated culture of any sort–that’s a terribly urgent problem. And that’s exactly what’s described in this article.
“‘It’s a thousand tiny paper cuts,’ is how Ashe Dryden, a programmer who now consults on increasing diversity in technology, described working in tech. ‘I’ve been a programmer for 13 years, and I’ve always been one of the only women and queer people in the room. I’ve been harassed, I’ve had people make suggestive comments to me, I’ve had people basically dismiss my expertise. I’ve gotten rape and death threats just for speaking out about this stuff.’”
I, for one, am thrilled that Dryden continues the courageous project of speaking out.
Girl Rising is an important new activist movement to empower girls. Read more at their website, or view the trailer for the upcoming film below.
I’m a bit late to this (the end of one’s first semester as an assistant professor is difficult, as it turns out), but despite the delay was thrilled to read Abi McNiven’s thoughtful and smart review of the Critical Medical Humanities Symposium. Perhaps my favorite lines are these: The goal of the symposium was “to think beyond the primal diagnosis scene underpinning the ‘re-humanising medicine’ mantra familiar within the medical humanities. The invitation was set to unabashedly direct attention to—for example—issues of gender, race, disability, health policy, and material-economic underpinnings.” Read the whole review here: http://medicalhumanities.wordpress.com/2013/11/25/critical-medical-humanities-symposium-review-by-abi-mcniven/
I’ve been warning students lately (both in classes and whenever I give this workshop with Dr. Guiseppe Getto) that they really need to make sure to use appropriate key terms in their resumes and cover letters (while still remaining truthful to their professional identities, of course). That’s because all the rhetorical smarts in the world won’t change a robot’s mind if the right term isn’t there. Once or twice, when I’ve said this and gotten disbelieving looks from students, I’ve wondered if I read too much scifi. But that’s not it, because look!
How to Make Sure Your Resume Makes It Past the Robots
I was honored to attend the 1st International Critical Medical Humanities Symposium (put on by Durham University’s Centre for the Medical Humanities) this past week. I found the general spirit of the conference to be productive and exciting. Participants seemed eager for interdisciplinary and collaborative work. Further, people were willing to ask and work through hard questions. Below are a few of the productive questions I’m still pondering that came out of this experience. I offer them in the approximate order they appear in my notes, which corresponds roughly to the order of the plenary speakers—though, of course, there is significant overlap. Plenary speakers were: Andrew Goffey (U of Nottingham), Bronwyn Parry (Kings College London), Mel Y. Chen (U.C. Berkeley), Jan Slaby (Freie Universitat Berlin), and Lynne Friedli (Centre for Welfare Reform) & Rob Stearn (Birkbeck College).
- How do metaphors limit our thinking about what is possible in medicine and the medical humanities?
- What happens when metaphors go bad? (Example: foreign bodies as illegal immigrants)
- What gaps/opportunities in current medical humanities scholarship aremost pressing?
- What do we do with anti-intellectual responses to this field?
- What happens when a logic is extended and generally applied, and in what ways can we disrupt such moves when necessary?
- What happens when life science researchers don’t pay attention to the economy?
- How much is it necessary to understand a thing in order to make use of it? (related concepts: distributed knowledge, efficiency, trust)
- What are the connotative differences between knowing, understanding, experiencing? (see Foucault, Latour)
- In our pursuit of more efficient accounts that include knowledge, understanding, and experience, what methods are useful? For example, what might a collaborative history look like?
- How can we engage metaphors to make as well as describe the world? How can we overcome the tendency of metaphors to close problems?
- What does it mean to labor?
- What is clinical labor? Must corporeality be exploited as part of clinical labor? Is it clinical labor if it is done at home?
- What does it mean to be labeled a victim, and in what contexts might we challenge claims to (distributed/complex) bodily agency?
- What are the ethical implications of applications for reproduction? (Context: California Cryo accepts only about 1% of those who apply to be sperm donors. Height—being at least 5’9’’—and sexual orientation—being straight—are among the limiting criteria.)
- Who do reproductive institutions serve, and who is allowed to participate?
- How do contractual modes of clinical labor differ? Why do we perceive some as acceptable and others not?
- What does the juxtaposition of female (surrogacy) and male (sperm donation) clinical labor do to the way we think about labor? Are this analogous?
- What sort of term might account for the agency of the subaltern?
- What happens when the borders blur between altruism and commerce?
- Who gets left out of framing discussions of biotechnologies?
- What makes the sustained transformation of the body during pregnancy different (elevated above) than other sorts of sustained bodily transformation? (say, a factory worker whose body is wrecked by her job)
- Does DNA, if extracted, constitute labor?
- How is labor complicated when placed in relationship with care/affection/nurturing?
- What are the relationships between the terms “medicine” and “global health”?
- Isn’t there always danger in representing bodies that are (geographically, linguistically, etc.) unable to speak back?
- What would it mean for ability studies if we took a stance neutral to the toxic?
- How are toxic substances anthropomorphized and what effects does this have?
- How does a reading of toxic zones change our understanding of what toxicity is?
- What does the knee-jerk repulsion that represents an interhuman politics of rejection signal about our understandings of toxicity?
- In what ways have environmental justice movements been complicit in ableism?
- What can activism do when we think in counterintuitive ways?
- How can we disentangle notions of damage from the hegemony of health discourse?
- Should we be careful of giving too much credence to a metaphor?
- How are cases of “improper intimacy” stigmatized? By what processes? How do rhetorics of risk affect this situation?
- What of the relationships between toxicity, disease, and immunity? Does a politics of exposure come into play here?
- How do we determine thresholds for toxicity? (How many ppm, or what symptoms = toxic?)
- Where does experience fit in the divide between knowing and believing?
- What are the planes on which we can reconceptualize/reminage life?
- How do ethical and economic intermingle productively?
- What is technoscience? Does technology drive science? In what ways?
- In what ways is risk conflated with probability?
- What does it mean that some new imaging practices focus more on the ephemereal?
- Can/does neuroscience deny free will and yet accept plasticity?
- In what ways is the power of biomedicine lessened in mental health contexts, and what does this mean?
- What does it mean to be engaged in the non-material interest? How to engage an audience?
- How do sociology and medicine conversate?
- What is the difference between disciplining and facilitating in contexts where power relations are highly assymetrical?
- Why is anxiety about taking risks necessarily a bad thing?
- How do we respond to an apparent reduction in political activism?
- How can we most productively participate in the shift from clinical experience to social justice?
- What does a critical, collective practice look like?
Additionally, here is a reading/resources list I’m developing based on the symposium. (Forgive my MLA; I wanted to keep full names here.)
- Aristarkhova, I. Hospitality of the Matrix: Philosophy, Biomedicine, and Culture. New York: Columbia UP, 2012. Print.
- Bateson, Gregory. Steps to an Ecology of Mind: Collected Essays in Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution, and Epistemology. St Albans, Australia: Paladin, 1973. Print.
- “Centre for Medical Humanities Blog.” Centre for Medical Humanities Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2013. <http://medicalhumanities.wordpress.com/>.
- Chen, Mel Y. Animacies: Biopolitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2012. Print.
- Cohen, Ed. A Body worth Defending: Immunity, Biopolitics, and the Apotheosis of the Modern Body. Durham, N.C: Duke UP, 2010. Print.
- Cooper, Melinda. Life as Surplus: Biotechnology and Capitalism in the Neoliberal Era. Seattle: University of Washington, 2008. Print.
- “Cost of Living: The Politics, Economics and Sociology of Health and Health Care.” Cost Of Living. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cost-ofliving.net/>.
- Dumit, Joseph. Drugs for Life: How Pharmaceutical Companies Define Our Health. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2012. Print.
- Martin, Emily. Flexible Bodies: Trading Immunity in American Culture, from the Days of Polio to the Age of AIDS. Boston, MA: Beacon, 1995. Print.
- Parry, Bronwyn. Trading the Genome: Investigating the Commodification of Bio-information. New York: Columbia UP, 2004. Print.
- Silverstein, Arthur M. Paul Ehrlich’s Receptor Immunology: The Magnificent Obsession. San Diego: Academic, 2002. Print.
- Stengers, Isabelle. The Invention of Modern Science. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2000. Print.
- Stengers, Isabelle. Cosmopolitics I: I. The Science Wars : II. The Invention of Mechanics : III. Thermodynamics. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, 2010. Print.
- Weitz, Rose. The Sociology of Health, Illness, and Health Care: A Critical Approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2013. Print.