Prompt 3 (p. 171): Getting Organized for Analyzing Your Data
The following is a rough draft of a hypothetical calendar for this study:
- Finish proposal phase (including critical intro, research questions, methods, and literature review): December 10, 2010
- Obtain permission to conduct study and prepare survey materials: January 1, 2011
- Conduct survey and observation portion of study: Jan. 1, 2011-Feb. 1, 2011
- Conduct interview portion of study (and continue survey portion if necessary): Feb. 1, 2011-March 1, 2011
- Transcribe interviews: March 15, 2011
- Organize all data: April 1, 2011
- Complete analysis of data: May 1, 2011
- Finalize write-up of study: June 15, 2011
The following is a plan for organizing research materials:
- Observation notes will have their own notebook. I will later transcribe and organize relevant observations into a Word document.
- Surveys will be administered as one sheet of paper, which I will gather. Later, I will put these results into a Word document.
- Interview data will be recorded, then transcribed into a Word document.
- Surveys (developed on a computer and printed)
- Notebook for observations
- Audio recorder for interviews
- Microsoft Word
- Highlighters for picking out themes in printed data
- (Maybe) Concordance software (ConcorderPro)
- A large file folder for saving original data materials
Prompt 8 (p. 185): Creating Research Memos
As I haven’t actually gathered any data yet, this exercise is hypothetical …
I imagine gathering interview data as I always have–by audio recording and then transcribing all information into a Word document. I then print and highlight this document, sometimes cutting it into pieces to rearrange information. A narrative memo–much like a news story–would be my ideal summary of this set of data. I have always treated observation data in much the same way, which the exception that I am unable to audio record it.
Survey data presents a slightly different scenario. I imagine using visual depictions will be more important to me in analyzing this data. Since my variables are sex, age, and ability, I will likely create tables for each of these variables that show participant responses to each question. This way, I can easily compare results from participants who share variables and pick out themes.
Prompt 1 (p. 166): Doing Some Preliminary Analysis
I have not begun gathering data, but I can imagine the strategy of graphic depictions as being very helpful to me in beginning such an analysis. Since a number of the questions I will be asking will serve to distinguish between populations by sex and age, it would be helpful to be able to sort data by groups. For example, I will likely divide participants into groups based on census age groups: under 18, 18-24, 25-44, 45-64, older than 65. Each of those groups will have a group designating females and one designating males. A graphic depiction might help me better analyze the trends in responses among these 10 groups.
Prompt 2 (p. 171): Identifying Your Organizational Strengths and Weaknesses
I have never had any major difficulties with organizing my work in terms of data collection, presentation, or analysis. However, I do have major difficulties in situating data presentation and analysis within the body of an academic paper. The parts of a paper that I work a lot on often seem very organic to me and I end up in a chicken-and-egg situation, unsure of what makes sense as the first item of business. I think the approach we have taken in this class of writing our proposals in pieces will be very helpful to me in terms of organizing my final proposal. I know that I will have a research question to state first, and I will likely follow this with a literature review and then a methods section. Data analysis, if and when it happens, would logically follow this.
No Prompt (extra entry): Revising my research question
My research question, as it now stands, is: How do sex, age, and ableness cause people to interact with kiosk technology differently, and what ethical implications does this have for the use of kiosk technology?
I’ve decided to concentrate on sex rather than gender because of the complications in dealing with quantitative data involving gender as opposed to sex. I’ve also decided to incorporate age a major criteria of my research because of several personal experiences in which I saw people having trouble with kiosk technology. These people explicitly stated that they didn’t understand the technology because they were “older.” Finally, I believe ableness is an extremely important consideration in the implementation of this sort of technology, but it may be peripheral issue because of the problems with visually identifying ableness.
Prompt 3 (Blakeslee p. 138): Writing Interview Questions
I am imagining interviewing a patient at a general physician’s office that has recently installed a check-in kiosk. Following are some beginning ideas about what interview questions to ask.
- Name, age, hometown, occupation, ethnic identification, any other demographic details the participant offers
- How long have you been a patient with this physician?
- How many times would you say you have visited this office?
- What was your usual routine from the time you entered the lobby to the time you were taken back to see the doctor?
- Did you find this routine to be efficient and easy?
- How long would you say you usually waited in the lobby after checking in with the receptionist?
- This office recently installed a kiosk check-in system. Do you use it?
- Now, with the kiosk system in place, what is your usual routine from the time you entered the lobby to the time you were taken back to see the doctor?
- Do you find this routine to be efficient and easy?
- How long do you usually wait in the lobby after checking in at the kiosk?
- What is your overall impression of the kiosk system?
Prompt 4 (Blakeslee p. 139): Revising your questions
I think I could revise and improve my questions by asking more detailed questions about patient concerns with the kiosk system. Initially, I was worried that this would skew my results. However, if I add these questions at the end, then I will still have the responses from before I bring up words like “privacy.” So far, at least, I am only going to add to these questions:
- Do you have any concerns with privacy issues pertaining to the kiosk system?
- Were you given a choice about using the kiosk system?
- Did you express reluctance to use the kiosk system? What was the receptionist’s response?
- How many times have you used the kiosk system?
- Having now used the kiosk system, will you continue to do so? If not, how do you plan to address this situation?
Having written these questions, it also occurs to me that interviewing the receptionists about how patients respond to the kiosks and how the receptionists feel about them would be very informative.
Prompt 1 (Blakeslee p. 136): Analyzing a document
I am comparing the interview styles of Chelsea Handler, an official at Augustana College who interview me for admission, and a reporter friend of mine who I’ll call Jake. I have purposely selected wildly different contexts and interview that have very different purposes so that this comparison may show more significant differences.
CH asks questions that she already knows the answers to; they are for the benefit of her audience. The AC official asked questions whose answers didn’t matter; his purpose was to determine intelligence and articulateness. Jake asks questions based on the content he needs from a source. These people also prepare differently for interview. CH no doubt talks to the interviewee beforehand off camera, and probably has staffers who provide her with information. The AC official reads application materials to learn context. Jake does extensive research before an interview, including online searches and interviewing other people as well as discussing potential interview questions with his editor.
These three have very different personas. CH’s is sharp and witty, for entertainment purposes. Her ethos is one of a talk-show host; viewers know she is carefully constructing an identity. The AC official is scholarly and impressive, channeling the prestigious ethos of the college. Jake often takes on an almost subservient role in order to get better answers; although he is almost always smarter and better informed than his interviewees, he lets them take charge and do most of the talking in order to get good quotes and establish a good relationship for the future. The three interact differently with interviewees, although they are all invested in drawing out the interview for at least some length of time. CH sometimes cuts interviews short because of time limitations, but the AC official and Jake draw out interviews for as long as possible; they only benefit from getting more information.
The qualities that strike me most are those about how the interview constructs him- or herself in relation to the interview. Jake’s approach strikes me as most caring and ethical; it is unsurprising that I like him and his style best.
Prompt 2 (Blakeslee p. 138): Analyzing a document
The differences in preparation by interviewers were most profound between the AC official and Jake. The AC official had limited means for research, while Jake researched everything he could find. This made for more natural, productive interviews. Jake was also, simply put, a better conversationalist. This is a skill he has polished for years, and that sort of long-term preparation makes a major difference.